As we have repeatedly noted in the background of PCOS, as many as 70% of women have hyperinsulinemia as the root cause of the disease, and obesity is a common consequence in almost 40% of cases. Also, these patients are at increased cardiovascular risk and the potential for developing type II Diabetes Mellitus.
From all of the above, it can be clearly concluded that, in addition to therapeutic measures prescribed by physicians, changing life habits or lifestyle can have a significant positive effect on the outcome of therapy. Therefore, we can safely say that physical activity, diet and lifestyle change are not only preventative but also a therapeutic agent.
PCOS and DIET
The importance of diet in patients with PCOS is extremely high and aims to reduce body weight and improve cell sensitivity to insulin.
Many studies have shown a positive effect of diet on the therapeutic outcome with PCOS, and in less severe cases, diet with physical activity may be the first therapeutic measure.
There is no clearly defined diet related to PCOS, but there is general consensus on what types of diets may be beneficial for these patients. As PCOS is a complex disease, it is advisable to consult with a nutritionist who will prepare the most effective diet according to the individual needs of the organism.
Below we will give a brief overview of the diets most commonly recommended in patients with PCOS, but we think it is very important to note that diet should not be seen as a shorter life span in which we change our diet, but instead diet should become part of our daily lifestyle, and therefore it should be adjusted to our capabilities and needs, because only in this way it will give full effect, positively influence the therapy and progression of the disease and significantly improve our quality of life.
Conducting a diet without physical activity makes almost no sense and vice versa, the diet accompanied by physical activity provides a true synergistic effect and speeds up the process of rehabilitation of the body. The effects of physical activity on PCOS are: improvement of insulin sensitivity, repair of ovulatory cycles, reduction of cholesterol, improvement of physical fitness.
Many experts agree that at least 150 minutes of exercise a week is ideal. Best results are achieved when combining aerobic activity and strength training.
Recommended aerobic activities include fast running, jogging, cycling, swimming. The recommendation is a minimum of 30 minutes a day of moderate aerobic activity, for the most days of the week, or 3 days with 20-minutes intense activity.
Strength training is recommended 2 times a week and involves 8 to 12 exercises with weights that allow 10-15 reps per set.
In addition to physical activity, also are recommended a sufficient amount of sleep, smoking cessation, reduced amount of alcohol and as much stress avoidance as possible.
In this way, by accepting changes in life habits, we can significantly influence the course and prognosis of the disease.